First of all, let’s talk about Chandrayaan mission of India. in the last few days chandrayaan-2 mission ISRO claimed an important discovery. ISRO had said that its Chandrayaan-2 orbiter has found a significant gas in the upper atmosphere of the Moon. ISRO had reported that Chandrayaan’s ‘Atmospheric Composition Explorer-2’ (CHACE-2) instrument has detected ‘Argon-40’ gas in the lunar exosphere (outer circle). This is the outermost region of the Moon’s atmosphere, where atoms and molecules rarely collide with each other. This observation can also help in understanding the radiogenic activities under the surface of the Moon.
Now ISRO is taking this search forward chandrayaan-3 mission ready for. Chandrayaan-3 will be launched in June. This is an important campaign for exploration on the surface of the Moon. The mission will be launched through Mark-3 launch vehicle. According to ISRO, it has made many changes in Chandrayaan-3. In case of failure of any equipment, the rest of the equipment will compensate for it. The rover designed for Chandrayaan-3 could better calculate the altitude of the journey as well as avoid such places where there is danger.
Aditya L-1 is an important mission for India through which efforts will be made to collect information about the Sun. For this, the 400 kg observatory will first be installed at the Lagrange point. It will be located at a distance of 1.5 million kilometers from the earth. With this, the activities happening in the sun can be continuously monitored. The Aditya L-1 mission will collect information about the sun’s photosphere, chromosphere and the outermost layer, the corona.
JUICE Mission of European Space Agency is also going to be launched this year. The agency will launch it in April. It will reach its destination by 2031. This mission will be launched to study the moons of Jupiter. It will study its moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. Will gather information from their frozen surfaces.
NASA is also waiting for the completion of a very important mission this year. NASA is waiting for the return of its OSIRIS-REx spacecraft. This spacecraft is going to bring samples of meteorite named 101955 Bennu. It was launched by NASA on 8 September 2016. In September 2023, it will return with a 60 gram sample. OSIRIS-REx reached this meteorite in October 2020. The size of this meteorite was 492 meters.